China accounts for around one-eighth of the world's grassland and almost all of its grasslands are being degraded. The authors analyse how China is grappling with the complex ecological and livelihood problems these pastoral areas present. The sustainable development of these extremely poor, culturally sensitive, strategically important and extremely diverse western pastoral areas poses one of the foremost challenges confronting the Chinese government. This much-needed study provides a unique examination of the intricate web of policies and institutions that now impact on grassland degradation and sustainable development in China's pastoral region.Understanding this complex matrix and its impact on the management of people, livestock, grasslands, markets and industry structures is crucial in charting a way forward. The authors argue that the aim should be to manage these inter-locking complex systems in a manner that takes advantage of the opportunities that technology present to achieve sustainable use of the grasslands. Whilst their analysis is especially relevant to how China pursues the high priority national goal of 'Developing the West', it also reveals much about how China addresses other serious environmental problems that involve disadvantaged groups.With its multi-disciplinary approach, the book will be invaluable and fascinating reading for academics and researchers of Chinese studies, development studies, ecosystem sustainability and natural resource management. Based on extensive first-hand fieldwork in the grasslands over two decades, the practical detail in this book will also be warmly welcomed by consultants and officials in NGOs and other international agencies charged with planning and executing pastoral development projects in China, Central Asia and Mongolia.
Like most how-to books, 'How to Select a Vendor for Web Development' is the product of many years of hard-earned personal experience shaped by honest observation. The lack of useful, systematic information about selecting a website developer spurred me into writing the book I could never find but always wanted to read. Here it is: everything you ever wanted to know about selecting a website developer. Using concise language and an easy-to-read format, I present a simple, step-by-step guide that I hope will be beneficial to businesses and non-profits seeking a vendor they can trust. Since 1995, I have headed my own consulting and web development business. INITSOFT Web Solutions has worked with more than 100 clients, including large corporations as well as numerous small companies and non-profit organizations. Salim Lakhani
* Organization and coverage. Modular organization allows flexibility for the instructor. McLeod emphasizes the entire cycle with more coverage of the phases that follow analysis and design including construction, installation and post implementation activity.
For advanced web search engines to be able not only to search for semantically related information dispersed over different web pages, but also for semantic services providing certain functionalities, discovering semantic services is the key issue. Addressing four problems of current solution, this book presents the following contributions. A novel service model independent of semantic service description models is proposed, which clearly defines all elements necessary for service discovery and selection. It takes service selection as its gist and improves efficiency. Corresponding selection algorithms and their implementation as components of the extended Semantically Enabled Service-oriented Architecture in the Web Service Modeling Environment are detailed. Many applications of semantic web services, e.g. discovery, composition and mediation, can benefit from a general approach for building application ontologies. With application ontologies thus built, services are discovered in the same way as with single domain ontologies, and the mediation problem between service ontologies is solved. Further, an ontology-based approach to improve service discovery is proposed and validated. Within the service model, a service selection approach oriented at quality criteria is proposed. It normalises diverse qualities of a service in their respective metrics and employs a service selection algorithm based on soundness.
The world seems to have recently discovered India and China as major players in Asia, and political and economic connections between the two countries are rapidly growing. Beyond the fashionable phenomenon, the two countries have much in common and many shared experiences. Both are developing countries with dynamic economies focused on lifting their people out of poverty. There are also differences as well, as India is a democracy while China is an autocratic state, and the speed of economic growth is much higher in India. This collection provides a comparative analysis of development-induced migration in India and China caused by urbanization and dam construction. The contributors include scholars from both countries working in both academia and consultancy positions.
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