This book discusses the main legal questions raised by free and open source software (FOSS) licenses and other alternative license models, such as Creative Commons. The legal questions raised by FOSS and other alternative licenses have been the subject of an intense international debate among legal scholars and practising lawyers in the last years. Courts in different jurisdictions have confirmed that the core features of FOSS licenses are compliant with the respective applicable laws and thus enforceable in the respective jurisdictions. What is still missing so far is an in-depth comparative analysis of the legal issues raised by FOSS, Creative Commons and other alternative license on a worldwide scale. This book presents a general report on FOSS licenses and alternative license models to establish common ground and enable comparison between jurisdictions. The general report is followed by 24 national reports covering the world's most important IT-markets. General and national reports use the same structure to facilitate the comparison. The book shows that despite the differences in their origins, all FOSS projects use detailed licenses for the organisation of their communities. It also shows the differences in the proofing of these licenses by courts in some jurisdictions and the tailor-made provisions established by some legislators to solve the legal issues raised by the license model.
This book covers the tools, development frameworks, and advanced concepts in cross-platform programming techniques used in the construction of distributed systems. It describes how to specify a roadmap for developing high-performance client-server applications for distributed environments and supplies step-by-step procedures for constructing a native and object-oriented C++ platform. Focusing on data transmission speed that exploits the computing power of multi-core processors and cutting-edge System-on-Chip (SoC) architectures, it explains how to implement an energy-efficient infrastructure and examines distributing threads among Grid nodes.
<b>Praise from the Reviewers:</b> <p> "The practicality of the subject in a real-world situation distinguishes this book from others available on the market."<br> —<b>Professor Behrouz Far</b>, University of Calgary <p> "This book could replace the computer organization texts now in use that every CS and CpE student must take. . . . It is much needed, well written, and thoughtful."<br> —<b>Professor Larry Bernstein</b>, Stevens Institute of Technology <p> <b>A distinctive, educational text onsoftware performance and scalability</b> <p> This is the first book to take a quantitative approach to the subject of software performance and scalability. It brings together three unique perspectives to demonstrate how your products can be optimized and tuned for the best possible performance and scalability: <ul> <li> <div><b>The Basics</b>—introduces the computer hardware and software architectures that predetermine the performance and scalability of a software product as well as the principles of measuring the performance and scalability of a software product</div> <li> <div><b>Queuing Theory</b>—helps you learn the performance laws and queuing models for interpreting the underlying physics behind software performance and scalability, supplemented with ready-to-apply techniques for improving the performance and scalability of a software system</div> <li> <div><b>API Profiling</b>—shows you how to design more efficient algorithms and achieve optimized performance and scalability, aided by adopting an API profiling framework (perfBasic) built on the concept of a performance map for drilling down performance root causes at the API level</div> </ul> <p> <i>Software Performance and Scalability</i> gives you a specialized skill set that will enable you to design and build performance into your products with immediate, measurable improvements. Complemented with real-world case studies, it is an indispensable resource for software developers, quality and performance assurance engineers, architects, and managers. It is anideal text for university courses related to computer and software performance evaluation and can also be used to supplement a course in computer organization or in queuing theory for upper-division and graduate computer science students. <p>
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